The gallbladder hangs to the Choledocus - a channel between the liver and the intestine through which the secretions from the liver, the bile, flows. It is a reservoir for stocking the bile. During the ingestion of nutrients it will contract to empty its contents. Its role in the digestion is insignificant. When the gallbladder incompletely contracts, sediments can create gallstones. The presence of the gallstones can be the cause of nausea, vomiting, and localised pain in the right upper abdomen. In case of obstruction an infection can occur: acute cholecystitis.
Removal of the gallbladder is one of the most frequently performed laparoscopic interventions. 4 trocars holes are needed. Hospitalisation is required for 24 to 48 hours.